Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is often used for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, but emerging evidence suggests that NIV can be used in treating other types of acute respiratory failure.
Noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure
Noninvasive ventilation for COPD patients
Treatment of COPD with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to be effective in treating acute exacerbations of COPD, assisting pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD patients, and providing benefits in managing chronic hypercapnic COPD patients.
Noninvasive ventilation for neuromusclar diseases in adults
Many chronic neuromuscular disorders lead to progressive respiratory muscle dysfunction. Non-invasive ventilation can help reduce daytime sleepiness while facilitating gas exchange and breathing.
Noninvasive ventilation for obesity hypoventilation syndrome
Non-invasive ventilation in patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome has been shown to normalise blood gases, prolong survival and increase exercise capacity.
Noninvasive ventilation for paediatric patients
Children with inherited neuromuscular conditions have a high risk of respiratory disorders during early childhood or adolescence. Noninvasive ventilation is recommended to improve quality of life.