More NMD Treating respiratory insufficiency caused by NMD Treating a patient with respiratory failure caused by NMD can help alleviate some of the symptoms of poor respiration. What is neuromuscular disease (NMD)? Neuromuscular disease (NMD) is a broad term that encompasses many diseases and ailments that impair muscle function, either directly via intrinsic muscle pathology, or indirectly via nerve pathology. Patient outcomes Learn the benefits of treating NMD patients with NIV. Reference Kelly, JL et al. Randomized trial of ‘intelligent’ autotitrating ventilation versus standard pressure support non-invasive ventilation: Impact on adherence and physiological outcomes. Respirology. 2014 May;19(4):596-603.