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Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) treatment options

Treatment options for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) include the following:

  • Three forms of Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) therapy
  • Oral appliance therapy
  • Alternative therapy

Continue reading to discern the best therapy for your patient.

 

Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy

 

Positive airway pressure therapy is the most effective way to treat Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA). By creating a “pneumatic splint” for the upper airway, PAP therapy prevents the soft tissues of the upper airway from narrowing and collapsing. Pressurised air is sent from a therapy device through air tubing and a mask to the upper airway.

Patients with severe sleep apnoea are able to experience restful sleep with positive airway pressure therapy. Learn more about the types of PAP therapy below.

 

CPAP, APAP and bilevel therapy

 

Positive airway pressure therapy can be delivered in a number of ways:

  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP): pressurised air at one fixed pressure
  • Automatic positive airway pressure (APAP) therapy: automatically adjusted air levels based on a patient’s breathing (suited to patients with REM-related sleep apnoea, positional apnoea or those who are noncompliant with standard CPAP therapy)
  • Bilevel therapy: higher inspiratory pressure and lower expiratory pressure (appropriate for certain patients who are non-compliant)

Find out more about the ResMed devices that use CPAP, APAP and bilevel therapy.

 

Alternative treatment options

 

Surgery is also an option for treating Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA), though it comes with associated risks and complications. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), the most commonly performed surgical procedure for OSA in the United States, is effective in reducing snoring initially. Over the long term, UPPP cures snoring in 46% to 73% of patients who have had the surgery1.

 

Risks of untreated OSA

 

Untreated Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) can lead to a host of complications and serious health risks. Finding the right treatment for your patient improve compliance rates and diminish associated risks.

More sleep-disordered breathing

Types of sleep-disordered breathing
ResMed explains the differences between three types of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB): Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA), Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA) and mixed or complex sleep apnoea.
Common symptoms of SDB
The first sign of a sleep disorder is snoring, even though many patients won’t identify that as a sign of something more serious. There are other common symptoms too.
Sleep disordered breathing and chronic diseases
When left untreated, patients with SDB like OSA and CSA have an increased risk of developing serious chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. A significant number of patients with COPD also have SDB.

References

  1. Kashima ML (2007). Selected disorders of the nose and throat: Epistaxis, snoring, anosmia, hoarseness, and hiccups. In NH Fiebach et al., eds., Principles of Ambulatory Medicine, 7th ed., pp. 1849–1864. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.