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What is restrictive lung disease?

Restrictive lung disease refers to a group of thoracic deformities that result in inefficient coupling between the respiratory muscles and the thoracic cage. The disorders are usually characterised by a restrictive defect and share the potential to cause long term hypercapnic respiratory failure.1

The most common thoracic abnormality leading to respiratory failure is thoracoplasty. Scoliosis and/or kyphoscoliosis may also cause severe respiratory failure.
Symptoms of respiratory failure include:

  • dyspnoea on exertion1
  • peripheral edema1
  • orthopnoea1
  • morning headaches1
  • fatigue1
  • poor sleep quality1
  • loss of appetite.

More restrictive lung disease

Getting the most out of therapy
How to get the most out of ventilation therapy for a patient with a Restrictive lung disease.
Treatment options for RLD
Restrictive lung disease is a group of thoracic deformities that result in inefficient coupling between the respiratory mu scles and the thoracic cage.

Reference

  1. Shneerson JM, Simonds AK. Noninvasive ventilation for chest wall and neuromuscular disorders. Eur Respir J. 2002; 20:480-487